Ces messieurs de Saint-Malo (LITT.GENERALE) (French Edition)

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They yielded to his arguments, and Don Pedro was DO less surprised than delighted to see his guest return with all the Indians, whose flight would undoubtedly have proved his ruin. He instantly ratified all the promises made by Saint Deuys, and they returned to their towns, which the Spaniards were forbidden to enter under pain of death, unless by express permission. The newly-married pair remained there together six months, when Saint Denys thought that he should no longer delay in returning to report to de la Motte Cadillac the result of 1 This should apparently be sionaries, made them regard the women.

Spaniards favorably. Bo- las Misiones, July 22, , says he nilla,inhis Compendiodelossucesos sent out St. Denis, with his Ra- ocurridos en Tejas desde su Con- mon's son, June 26, , to the quista hasta Noviembre de , Texas or Asinais Indians, with whom 8, also relates this and calls St. Denis had great influence. That Denys "a man worthy of eternal he brought in 25 Indians, mostly memory.

He set out for Maubile with Don Juan de ' ' Vilescas, his wife's uncle, leaving her with child and pro- mising to return as soon as possible for her. They were even suspected of intriguing against us, and la Loire soon after received orders to arrest their officer, who had remained alone among the Natchez. He obeyed, and the officer was taken to Maubile, where Mr. He took his route by Pensacola, where the governor, Don Guzman, also gave him a cordial welcome ; but while endeavoring to reach Carolina through the Alibamons, he fell in with a hunting band of Tomez Indians, who tomahawked him.

What then roused these Indians against the English, does not appear, but most of them suddenly rose against them. Irruption They had a warehouse in a Tchactas Choctaw village, Indians which these Indians plundered, murdering all who had Carolina, charge of it. This was but the commencement of their misfortunes : no sooner was it known among the other na- 1 Penicaut, Relation, ch. They founded Saint Denis and his visit, p. Dmnont, Memoires His- Adaes.

Compare Espinosa, El Pere- toriques, ii. Bienville ransomed them from the Indians and provided for their support till he found a favorable oppor- tunity to send them home without any risk. There was more reality in a deputation which the Governor received on his arrival at Maubile. A chief highly es- teemed in the country, came in to form an alliance with him in the name of several tribes, and at the same time the Alibamons, hitherto our most declared ene- mies, offered to introduce the French into their vil- lage and erect a fort at their own expense.

Their offer was accepted, the fort built, and Captain de la Tour took possession with two lieutenants and some soldiers. See Barcia, Ensayo Cronologico, p. Benard de la Harpe, Memoire, p. Louisiana Hist. Dumont, Memoires, ii.


See Gayarre, i. But one of those who accompanied the former, warned him to be on his guard.

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He immediately spoke to all the others in private, and without revealing the name of his informant, he promised them a great reward, and gave them his word to keep their secret if they acknowl- edged the truth. This avowal of eight men, all stating the same thing, induced la Loire to turn back ; but as he had every reason to believe that there was a general conspiracy among the Natchez, he was filled with anxiety in regard to his brother.


Penicaut, who accompanied him, offered to rescue him from the great village of the Natchez, and adopted these steps to effect his design. The whole party having arrived about an hour and a half before nightfall at the Natchez landing, Penicaut went ashore alone, telling la Loire to wait for him till midnight, and that if he did not appear by that time, to give him up for dead ; in which case his only course would be to push on.

He then advanced towards the cabin of the younger la Loire, which was a league dis- tant, carrying only his gun, powder-flask and a few balls. As he approached the village, some Natchez, who per- ceived him, ran to tell la Loire that a Frenchman was coming ; he came out to see who it was, and recognizing Penicaut, asked tidings of his brother and the reason of his coming.


Penicaut told him that he had fallen sick ; but once in his cabin, he told him to send for the Great Chief of the Natchez, who came at once. This the Great Chief promised, and he added that Mr. Penicaut made no reply, and manifested absolute confidence in the chief ; but when the latter retired, he informed la Loire of the motive of his coming, and showed him that he must think only of escaping, and that there was not a moment to lose.

This was no easy matter, la Loire told him, as three In- dians slept in his room ; but Penicaut reassured him, and was sanguine of success. When it was really night, they lay down, and the In- dians first fell asleep ; Penicaut would have stabbed them, but la Loire prevented him, thinking it not easy to kill three men before one of them might have a chance to cry out. Penicaut then gently opened the door and let out la Loire, who had taken ihe precaution of loading his gun. A few minutes later he glided out himself, double locked the room on the outside and ran after his companion, whom he soon overtook.

As they approached the landing, they met the elder la Loire, who had begun to be alarmed ; they embarked at once, and dismissed the eight Natchez after liberally rewarding them. The Tonica, who was an upright man, a sincere friend of the French, was indignant at such a proposal. Davion, who, ascertaining that they would pass by there without stop- ping, informed them that a Frenchman named Kichard, on his way from the Illinois, had been taken by the Natchez j that these savages, after plundering him of all his goods, had taken him to their village, cut off his feet and hands, and cast him, still living, into a mudhole.

He did not Du Tisne returned the next day and informed de Bienville that the Great Chief would soon follow him. He did not, however, leave his village, but sent to the French commandant some subaltern chiefs, with about twenty-five men. Richebourg, p. The Indians dis- between embarked and entered the fort with as much confidence as though the affair were a mere visit.

They then presented to the commandant a calumet of peace, but he refused it, which so startled those savages, that they gave themselves up for lost. Bienville told them, with an angry air, that he had come to exact satisfaction for the murder of the five Frenchmen which they had committed ; that he wished them either to deliver up the murderers, or at least bring in their heads.

What he demanded, was, they replied, not in their power ; but if he so desired, they would send some of their party to their Great Chief, to notify him of the comman- dant's intentions. He consented on condition that all the others should remain his prisoners, and he at once had them conveyed to a cabin, where a strict watch was kept over them. Bienville asked them whether they intended to make game of him, and added that he must have the heads of the culprits, especially the head of a chief whom he had named expressly. The envoys replied that this chief was the nephew of the Sun, who would sooner see his whole village perish than sacrifice that young man, the bravest of all his na- tion ; that besides, he had among those detained by him, the four murderers of the French, and might bring them to justice.

Bienville at once had them brought up : they 1 Richebourg, p. He differently. The Oyelape, or White Earth. Among them was one chief so notorious throughout the country for his cru- elties and acts of treachery, that all the nations had long desired his death. That they should erect at their own expense, and in a place to be assigned in their great village, a fort with storehouses and barracks necessary for the garrison and the storekeepers to be established there.

That they should restore all the goods taken from the French, and make full reparation for all the other losses which they had caused.

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That the Great Chief's nephew, of whom complaint wa - s made, should not appear in the village, un- der the penalty of having his head broken. These articles were read to the deputies, who approved them, and Mr. He went directly to the Sun's cabin and presented to him the conditions of peace : the chief accepted them, and said that he simply awaited Mr.

Gayarre, i. They were to kill thu two others on the 12th. White Earth chief as soon as they Relation de Louieianne, Voyages could lay hands on him. The next day he selected the spot where he wished the fort erected ; it was laid out at once, and de Pailloux ap- pointed to superintend the work. He added quarters for the officers, barracks for the soldiers and magazines both for merchandise and for ammunition and army stores.

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The fort was named Rosalie, after Madame de Pont- chartrain, wife of the Chancellor, a name, as I have else- where observed, already proposed by Mr. The Natchez then sang the calumet to Mr.

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Before leaving it, he placed the Sieur de Pailloux in command, assigning to him du Tisne as lieutenant. He proceeded at once to Maubile, where he rr. It was about the same time that Mr. Scarcely was this fort completed when du Tisne was informed that the Spaniards had established a post among the Assinais, and there was every reason to believe that they designed to push on to the Micissipi, had they not been prevent- 1 August See also as to this there found a royal order, appoint- Natchez war, Dados to the minister, ing him to command in the absence June 7, These two things always go together ; to acquire wealth by the trade of a colony, it must be peopled, and the inhabitants made consumers of the goods sent there, giv- ing in return.

This cannot be attained without great out- lay. Those engaged in such enterprises must select care- fully the men to whom they confide their interests. Nothing of this was done, and all parties suffered. To understand well what the sequel of this history obliges me to say on this point, we must go back a little, and state more in detail the actual position of Louysiana, when Crozat obtained the privilege above mentioned, and the position when he renounced that privilege.

Trade was then conducted only at Maubile and Isle Dauphine, and the only articles were planks, bear, deer and cat-skins and other like furs. The voyageurs or bushlopers, almost all Canadians, went to the Indians, to barter such French goods as they could get, for peltries St.

Denys was on good terms disgrace which the latter escaped with his Spanish neighbors, and as by death in , having been Spanish authorities show, rendered killed by the Indians. Bonilla, Com- them good service. Bonilla says pendio, 8. For his visit in , he facilitated the entrance of the see Benard de la Harpe, p. Spaniards into Texas, and by his Le Page du Pratz, i.

He amiable manners won the Indians, reached Mexico May 3, , to and gave the most constant proofs claim goods seized, but was put in of his good faith.

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Yet the Spanish prison ; escaped Sept. Do- mingo.

They obtained from these colonies in exchange, sugar, tobacco, cacao and French goods when there had been a long delay in receiving them direct. They also carried to Pensacola, where the Spaniards had cleared no land, vegetables, Indian corn, poultry, and in general, all the products of their industry which their less ingenious and less laborious neighbors needed. All this brought in a little money, with which they purchased what they were obliged to obtain from abroad : it was not enough to enrich them, but they had quite an easy life.

They had also learned that the country would produce tobacco, indigo, cotton and silk, but there were no hands for all these crops ; there was no one in the colony who could aid them, or who thought of encouraging them ; they did not even know the method of cultivating these plants.

Moreover, the colony was by no means solidly estab- lished, so that there was always a fear that the King would abandon it, and all the care and pains they might take would be lost. Many even retired elsewhere, and others remained only because they lacked means to go. It is astonishing that Mr. Crozat, when acquiring the do- main of Louysiana with the exclusive right to trade for twenty-five years, did not inform himself of the real state of things, so as to form his plans on these necessary data : but it is quite ordinary on these occasions to dis- trust the very persons from whom the most correct infor- mation can be obtained, and whose experience fits them most to second a new enterprise.

This Mr. Crozat failed to do, and he did not under- stand that nothing can be derived from a country, how good soever it may be, when the settler is not allowed to grow richer. Scarcely had he taken possession of his ex- clusive trade, when the vessels from the West Indies ceased to appear in Louysiana. At the same time the settlers were forbidden to go to Pensacola, the very source whence all the money came that was current in the colony, or to sell anything whatever except to Crozat's agents, who thus found themselves in a position to put on the colonial products such values as they chose ; a power which they did not fail to abuse ; at last they rated pel- tries so low, that the hunters, finding it more profitable to dispose of them in Canada and the English colonies, carried them all there.