Measures of verbal behavior, verbal productivity, and non-verbal behavior were….
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Mindfulness and acceptance-based group therapy and traditional cognitive behavioral group therapy for social anxiety disorder: Mechanisms of change. The present study investigated mechanisms of change for two group treatments for social anxiety disorder SAD : cognitive behavioral group therapy CBGT and mindfulness and acceptance-based group therapy MAGT.
Cognitive reappraisal was the hypothesized mechanism of change for CBGT. Mindfulness and acceptance were hypothesized mechanisms of change for MAGT. Latent difference score LDS analysis results demonstrate that cognitive reappraisal coupling in which cognitive reappraisal is negatively associated with the subsequent rate of change in social anxiety had a greater impact on social anxiety for CBGT than MAGT.
The LDS bidirectional mindfulness model mindfulness predicts subsequent change in social anxiety; social anxiety predicts subsequent change in mindfulness was supported for both treatments. Results for acceptance were less clear. Cognitive reappraisal may be a more important mechanism of change for CBGT than MAGT, whereas mindfulness may be an important mechanism of change for both treatments.
An increasing amount of research supports group therapy as an effective treatment option for eating disorders Moreno, In an attempt to further delineate therapeutic factors associated with productive group work, this study represents an exploratory, descriptive analysis of client and therapist perspectives on group process and outcome.
Describes an open-ended, structured, highly intensive therapy group for sexually abused preteen girls that was the primary mode of treatment for 11 girls from low-income, rural White families with numerous problems. Unique features of the group included simultaneous group and individualized goals. This article presents the case of a mindfulness-based group therapy that was implemented in a residential treatment facility.
The case presented comprised a group of adolescent males with disruptive behavior disorders. The group was designed to be appropriate for the unique demographics of the clients, with the intent to help the clients enhance….
Table of Contents
A descriptive analysis of marathon group therapy was conducted, specifying issues of set-up, screening, preparation, start-up, introduction to group process, facilitating therapeutic moments throughout the weekend, termination, and follow-up. Factors and dynamics unique to this modality are outlined for marathon groups in university counseling…. A personal transformation group therapy program was designed to help Saudi women function more effectively in their daily lives.
The major cognitive idea of these groups was to enable women to better understand their thinking patterns so that they could learn techniques to change. Personal transformation group topics included: Self-Esteem;…. Theoretical considerations in, and an exemplary instance of, group speech therapy with aphasic patients are submitted for discussion. Contrary to current practice, individual and group therapy are considered of equal rank, as all aspects of speech and language can be realized in the latter, with both approaches having similar goals.
Group work contents is characterized as verbal coping with guided verbal tasks. Group composition is recommended to emphasize speech and language criteria, as opposed to social and psychosocial criteria. Also dealt with is the position of the speech therapist. Complex contexts and relationships affect clinical decisions in group therapy. Clinical errors tend to be underreported even though examining them can provide important training and professional development opportunities.
The group therapy context may be prone to clinician errors because of the added complexity within which therapists work and patients receive treatment. We discuss clinical errors that occurred within a group therapy in which a patient for whom group was not appropriate was admitted to the treatment and then was not removed by the clinicians.
This was countertherapeutic for both patient and group. Two clinicians were involved: a clinical supervisor who initially assessed and admitted the patient to the group , and a group therapist. To complicate matters, the group therapy occurred within the context of a clinical research trial. The errors, possible solutions, and recommendations are discussed within Reason's Organizational Accident Model Reason, In particular, we discuss clinician errors in the context of countertransference and clinician heuristics, group therapy as a local work condition that complicates clinical decision-making, and the impact of the research context as a latent organizational factor.
We also present clinical vignettes from the pregroup preparation, group therapy , and supervision. Group therapists are more likely to avoid errors in clinical decisions if they engage in reflective practice about their internal experiences and about the impact of the context in which they work. Therapists must keep in mind the various levels of group functioning, especially related to the group -as-a-whole i.
Group schema therapy for eating disorders: study protocol. The treatment of eating disorders is a difficult endeavor, with only a relatively small proportion of clients responding to and completing standard cognitive behavioural therapy CBT. Given the prevalence of co-morbidity and complex personality traits in this population, Schema Therapy has been identified as a potentially viable treatment option. Participants undergo a two-hour assessment where they complete a number of standard questionnaires and their diagnostic status is ascertained using the Eating Disorder Examination. Participants then commence treatment, which consists of 25 weekly group sessions lasting for 1.
Each group consists of five to eight participants and is facilitated by two therapists, at least one of who is a registered psychologist trained on schema therapy. The primary outcome in this study is eating disorder symptom severity. Secondary outcomes include: cognitive schemas, self-objectification, general quality of life, self-compassion, schema mode presentations, and Personality Disorder features. Participants complete psychological measures and questionnaires at pre, post, six-month and 1-year follow-up. This study will expand upon preliminary research into the efficacy of group Schema Therapy for individuals with eating disorders.
If group Schema Therapy is shown to reduce eating disorder symptoms, it will hold considerable promise as an intervention option for a group of disorders that is typically difficult to treat. Demonstrates the compatibility of General System Theory GST with the traditional counseling literature in explicating a therapy group 's progression through Tuckman's , developmental stages forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning.
Description uses both traditional group literature and GST concepts. Discusses the Gestalt therapy group process and its roots in theory and therapeutic orientation. Indicates that the process itself, particularly the role of the therapist, is a key factor in the intensity and power of the group experience for the participants. This article will describe a self-esteem cognitive behavioural therapy group run with adults with learning disabilities. The aim is to show how a group of this nature can be organized and run, using theory to inform practice.
An introduction to the concept of self esteem will be given and then explored in relation to adults with learning…. Group therapy techniques for sexually abused preteen girls. This article describes an open-ended, structured, highly intensive therapy group for sexually abused preteen girls that was the primary mode of treatment for 11 girls from multiproblem, low-income, rural, white families.
The active support of Child Protective Service workers was important in maintaining the girls in treatment in the face of strong parental opposition.
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Unique features of the group included simultaneous group goals and individualized goals. A case description illustrates the makeup and functioning of the program.
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There is growing evidence that the capacity for emotion regulation is compromised in individuals with bipolar disorder. Dialectical behavior therapy DBT , an empirically supported treatment that specifically targets emotion dysregulation, may be an effective adjunct treatment for improving emotion regulation and residual mood symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder.
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In this open, proof-of-concept pilot study, 37 participants engaged in a week DBT group skills training program, learning mindfulness, emotion regulation, and distress tolerance skills. Repeated measures mixed models revealed skill acquisition in the areas of mindfulness, emotion regulation and distress tolerance, as well as improved psychological well-being and decreased emotion reactivity.
The results of this study support a burgeoning literature that DBT is a feasible adjunct intervention for patients with bipolar disorder. Published by Elsevier Ltd. There has been increasing interest in ensuring that aphasia intervention includes attention to the negotiation of a robust identity after the life-altering changes that often accompany the onset of aphasia.
But how does one go about simultaneously improving communication and positive identity development within aphasia therapy? Socially oriented group therapy for aphasia has been touted as one means of addressing both psychosocial and communicative goals in aphasia. This article describes the results of a sociolinguistic analysis of group therapy for aphasia in which positive personal and group identity are skilfully negotiated.
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Sociolinguistic microanalysis of discourse in a group therapy session was undertaken. The session, described as group conversation therapy , included eight adults with aphasia, a speech-language pathologist and an assistant. The session was videotaped and transcribed, and the data were analysed to identify 'indices of identity' within the discourse. This included discourse that exposed members' roles, values or beliefs about themselves or others.
The data were further analysed to identify 'patterns' of discourse associated with identity. The result is a detailed description of identity-enhancing discourse within group therapy for aphasia. The findings included several categories associated with the negotiation of identity in therapy including: 1 discourse demonstrating that group members were 'being heard', 2 that the competence of group members was assumed, 3 that 'solidarity' existed in the group , 4 that saving face and promoting positive personal identity was important, and 5 that markers of group identity were made visible via discourse that referenced both member inclusion as well as non-member exclusion.
To compare the functional and anatomical outcomes of eyes with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy treated with yellow micropulse MP laser versus half-dose verteporfin photodynamic therapy PDT. There were no adverse events attributable to the yellow MP laser treatment. One eye in the PDT group developed choroidal neovascularisation, which was treated with three intravitreal bevacizumab injections. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.
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